What is malaria?
Malaria is a severe febrile illness caused by plasmodia, a type of parasite. There are several types of malaria, with malaria tropica being the most serious. Malaria is transmitted by nocturnal Anopheles mosquitoes (meaning risk for transmission is highest at dawn, dusk and nighttime). Initial symptoms include fever, aching limbs, nausea and a feeling of weakness, but serious complications such as seizures, shock and coma can occur as the disease progresses. If malaria is left untreated, up to 20% of cases can be fatal. However, if treatment is provided in time, this number improves to a fatality rate of only 1%.