What is monkeypox?
Monkeypox is transmitted by the monkeypox virus, which is closely related to the smallpox virus. The first documented human case occurred in 1970, and in subsequent years, cases occurred in Central and West Africa. In 2022, there was an unusual increase in cases outside of Africa with cases unrelated to travel to Africa. Transmission occurs via direct contact or droplets.
Monkeypox is manifested by the appearance of skin lesions that resemble a milder form of smallpox. In addition, fever, headache, muscle aches and other symptoms may occur. The disease lasts about 2-4 weeks and can be severe in rare cases.